Parco Naturale Regionale Bosco Incoronata - Ferula communis L. subsp. communis
G. Sburlino1, G. Buffa1, L. Filesi2, U. Gamper3, L. Ghirelli4
1Department of Environmental Sciences, Informatics and Statistics, Ca' Foscari University, Campo Celestia 2737b, I-30122 Venezia, Italy
2Department of Design and Planning in Complex Environments, University Iuav of Venice, Santa Croce 1957, Ca’ Tron, I-30135 Venezia, Italy
3Autonomous Province of Bolzano - Alto Adige, Office of Landscape Ecology, Via Renon 11, I-39100 Bolzano, Italy
4Via Roma 38, I-35020 Masera` di Padova, Italy
The hemicryptophytic, chamaephytic and therophytic communities which inhabit the fixed sand dunes of the N-Adriatic coast, along with those of the interdunal wetlands, have been studied from the phytosociological point of view. The floristic-sociological analysis focuses on the syntaxonomic discussion of the xerophilous communities; in this context, the following new syntaxa have been described: Syntrichio ruraliformis-Lomelosion argenteae, Tortulo-Scabiosetum typicum and Sileno conicae-Avellinietum michelii. In regards to the dune slack vegetation, the study points out the occurrence in the coastal area of two rare inland microtherm communities (Plantagini altissimae-Molinietum caeruleae and Erucastro-Schoenetum nigricantis). As already stated in previous papers, the originality of this sector of the Mediterranean basin is highlighted as a result of both bioclimatic and phytogeographic factors, which confer to this area a unique character in the European context.
biodiversity, N-Adriatic coast, phytosociology, sand dunes, syntaxonomy