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Plant Sociology numero 53 (2)

pag. 77-87: A methodological protocol for Annex I Habitats monitoring: the contribution of Vegetation science

D. Gigante1, F. Attorre2, R. Venanzoni1, A.T.R. Acosta3, E. Agrillo4, M. Aleffi5, N. Alessi6, M. Allegrezza7, P. Angelini8, C. Angiolini9, S. Assini10, M.M. Azzella2, S. Bagella11, E. Biondi7, R. Bolpagni12, G. Bonari9, F. Bracco10, S. Brullo13, G. Buffa14, E. Carli2, G. Caruso15, S. Casavecchia7, L. Casella8, B.E.L. Cerabolini16, G. Ciaschetti17, R. Copiz2, M. Cutini3, S. Del Vecchio14, E. Del Vico2, L. Di Martino17, L. Facioni2, G. Fanelli2, B. Foggi18, A.R. Frattaroli19, D. Galdenzi7, C. Gangale20, R. Gasparri7, P. Genovesi8, L. Gianguzzi21, F. Gironi22, G. Giusso Del Galdo23, M. Gualmini24, R. Guarino25, C. Lasen26, L. Lastrucci18, F. Maneli1, S. Pasta27, B. Paura28, E.V. Perrino29, A. Petraglia12, G. Pirone19, S. Poponessi1, I. Prisco3, M. Puglisi23, S. Ravera30, G. Sburlino31, S. Sciandrello23, A. Selvaggi32, F. Spada4, G. Spampinato33, S. Strumia34, M. Tomaselli12, V. Tomaselli35, D. Uzunov36, D. Viciani18, M. Villani37, R.P. Wagensommer1, S. Zitti7

1Department of Chemistry, Biology e Biotechnology, University of Perugia - I-06121 Perugia, Italy.

2Department of Environmental Biology, ‘Sapienza’ University of Rome - I-00185 Rome, Italy.

3Department of Science, University ‘Roma Tre’ - I-00146 Rome, Italy.

4Department of Environmental Biology, Botanical Garden, ‘Sapienza’ University of Rome - I-00165 Rome, Italy.

5School of Biosciences and Veterinary Medicine, University of Camerino - I-62032 Camerino (MC), Italy.

6Faculty of Science and Technology, Free University of Bozen-Bolzano - I-39100 Bozen-Bolzano, Italy.

7Department of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences (D3A), Marche Politechnic University - I-60131 Ancona, Italy.

8ISPRA, Institute for Environmental Protection and Research - I-00144 Rome, Italy.

9Department of Life Sciences, University of Siena - I-53100 Siena, Italy.

10Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Pavia - I-27100 Pavia, Italy.

11Department of Science for Nature and Environmental Resources, University of Sassari - I-07100 Sassari, Italy.

12Department of Life Sciences, University of Parma - I-43124 Parma, Italy.

13Department of Botany, University of Catania - I-95125 Catania, Italy.

14Department of Environmental Sciences, Informatics and Statistics, ‘Ca’ Foscari’ University of Venice - I-30171 Venice, Italy.

15Via Caracciolo 21 - I-88100 Catanzaro Lido (CZ), Italy.

16Department of Theoretical and Applied Sciences, University of Insubria - I-21100 Varese, Italy.

17Majella National Park, Botanical Office, loc. Badia Morronese - I-67039 Sulmona (AQ), Italy.

18Department of Biology, University of Florence - I-50121 Florence, Italy.

19Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, University of L’Aquila - I-67100 L’Aquila, Italy.

20Natural History Museum of Calabria and Botanical Garden, University of Calabria - I-87036 Rende (CZ), Italy.

21Department of Agricultural and Forest Science, University of Palermo - I-90123 Palermo, Italy.

22Vox Naturae, via Sant'Antonio, 24 - I-23038 Valdidentro (SO), Italy.

23Department of Biological, Geological and Environmental Sciences, University of Catania - I-95125 Catania, Italy.

24Via Montegrappa, 33 - I-41026 Pavullo nel Frignano (MO), Italy.

25Department STEBICEF, University of Palermo - I-90123 Palermo, Italy.

26Via Mutten, 27 - I-32032 Arson di Feltre (BL), Italy.

27Department of Biology, University of Fribourg - CH-1700 Fribourg, Switzerland.

28Department of Agricultural, Environmental and Food Sciences, University of Molise - I-86100 Campobasso, Italy.

29CIHEAM, Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari - I-70010 Valenzano (BA), Italy.

30Italian Lichen Society - I-10123 Torino, Italy.

31‘Ca’ Foscari’ University of Venice - I-30123 Venice, Italy.

32IPLA, Institute for Wood Plants and Environment - I-10132 Torino, Italy.

33Department of Agriculture, Mediterranean University of Reggio Calabria - I-89124 Reggio Calabria, Italy.

34Department of Environmental, Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technologies, ‘Second University’ of Napoli - I-81100 Caserta, Italy.

35CNR-IBBR, National Research Council of Italy - Institute of Biosciences and Bioresources - I-70126 Bari, Italy.

36CHLORA sas, Via Spirito Santo, 33 - I-87037 San Fili (CS), Italy.

37Botanical Garden, University of Padova - I-35122 Padova, Italy.

doi: 10.7338/pls2016532/06

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abstract

The methodological foundations of the recently published Manual for Annex I Habitats monitoring in Italy, edited by the Italian Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA) with the scientific support of the Italian Society for Vegetation Science (SISV), are here presented, discussed and related to the most consolidated and acknowledged scientific advances in the field of Vegetation science. The proposed methodologies aim at offering simple, yet effective, protocols and procedures towards a harmonized data collection, by way of standardized and shared technical tools, resulting in comparable evaluations of the conservation status of Annex I Habitats. The methodological framework was developed by experts including a large team of members of the SISV. Big efforts were deployed to provide indicators and parameters for biodiversity monitoring able to catch its complexity, yet simple enough to be easily measured. Diagnosis and syntaxonomical correspondences of Habitat types, sampling procedure, plot size, distribution mapping, typical species are among the principal issues here examined through a widely shared scientific discussion. The final product is a comprehensive Manual, which offers practical but scientifically sound methodological tools for an efficient and effective monitoring of Annex I Habitats. The importance of bridging across the science-policy interface is emphasized, in a general will to improve the impact of Vegetation science on conservation policy development in Europe.

keywords

Article 17, Biodiversity, Conservation, FCS, Italy, Natura 2000, Phytosociology, Plant community, 92/43/EEC Directive