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Plant Sociology numero 54 (2) S1

pag. 29-42: Rupicolous habitats of interest for conservation in the central-southern Iberian peninsula

J.C. Piñar Fuentes1, A. Cano-Ortiz1, C.M. Musarella2, C.J. Pinto Gomes3, G. Spampinato2, E. Cano1

1Department of Animal and Plant Biology and Ecology, Botany Department, University of Jaén, Campus Universitario Las Lagunillas s/n. 23071 Jaén, Spain.

2Department of AGRARIA - University “Mediterranea” of Reggio Calabria, Località Feo di Vito, 89122 Reggio Calabria, Italy.

3Department of Landscape, Environment and Planning, Institute of Mediterranean Agricultural and Environmental Sciences (ICAAM), University of Évora, Portugal.

doi: 10.7338/pls2017542S1/03

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abstract

We studied the Quercus rotundifolia Lam. formations in the central-southern Iberian Peninsula, working particularly in areas in the Rondeño and Subbético biogeographical sectors. As a result we propose two new plant associations with an edaphoxeric character: Bupleuro gibraltarici-Quercetum rotundifoliae; and Junipero phoeniceae-Quercetum rotundifoliae included in habitat 9340. In both formations there is a high number of endemic plants often found in habitat 8210 "Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation" like Antirrhinum graniticum, Antirrhinum onubense, Saxifraga reuteriana, Cerastium gibraltaricum.

keywords

conservation, endemics, phytosociology, Quercus, scree, woodlands