Valsorda, Gualdo Tadino - Viola eugeniae Parl.
S. Ercole1, G. Fenu2, V. Giacanelli1, M.S. Pinna2, T. Abeli3, M. Aleffi4, F. Bartolucci5, D. Cogoni2, F. Conti5, A. Croce6, G. Domina7, B. Foggi8, T. Forte9, D. Gargano10, M. Gennai8, C. Montagnani11, G. Oriolo12, S. Orsenigo13, S. Ravera14, G. Rossi3, A. Santangelo15, C. Siniscalco9, A. Stinca16, E. Sulis2, A. Troia17, M. Vena10, P. Genovesi1, G. Bacchetta2
1Department for the Monitoring and Protection of the Environment and for Biodiversity Conservation, Italian National Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA), via Vitaliano Brancati 60, I-00144 Roma, Italy.
2Centre for the Conservation of Biodiversity (CCB), Department of Environment and Life Science (DISVA), University of Cagliari, v.le Sant'Ignazio da Laconi 11-13, I-09123 Cagliari, Italy.
3Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Pavia, via S. Epifanio 14, I-27100 Pavia, Italy.
4School of Biosciences and Veterinary Medicine, Plant Diversity & Ecosystems Management Unit, Bryology Laboratory & Herbarium, Camerino University, via Pontoni 5, I-62032 Camerino (MC), Italy.
5Floristic Research Center of the Apennines, University of Camerino - Gran Sasso-Laga National Park, San Colombo, I-67021 Barisciano (AQ), Italy.
6via Chiesa, 44, frazione Tuoro, I-81057 Teano (CE), Italy.
7Department of Agricultural, Food and Forest Sciences (SAAF), University of Palermo, viale delle Scienze, bldg. 5, I-90128 Palermo, Italy.
8Department of Biology, University of Firenze, via La Pira 4, I-50121 Firenze, Italy.
9Department of Life Sciences and Systems Biology, University of Torino, viale P.A. Mattioli 25, I-10125 Torino, Italy.
10Department of Biology, Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Calabria, via P. Bucci, I-87030 Arcavacata di Rende (CS), Italy.
11Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Milano-Bicocca Piazza della Scienza 1, I-20126 Milano, Italy.
12via Cecconi 26, I-33100 Udine, Italy.
13Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences – Production, Landscape, Agroenergy, University of Milano, via Celoria 2, I-20122 Milano, Italy.
14Italian Lichen Society (SLI) c/o Regional Museum of Natural Sciences, via G. Giolitti 36, I-00123, Torino, Italy.
15Department of Biology, University of Naples Federico II, via Foria 223, I-80139 Napoli, Italy.
16Department of Environmental, Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technologies, University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, via Vivaldi 43, I-81100 Caserta, Italy.
17Department of Biological, Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technologies (STEBICEF), section of Botany and Plant Ecology, University of Palermo, via Archirafi 38, I-90123 Palermo, Italy.
The results of a project for the identification of species-specific monitoring protocols for the Italian plant species protected under the Habitats Directive (Annexes II/IV/V) are presented. The project led to the development of 118 monitoring factsheets, providing an operational guidance for 107 vascular taxa, 10 bryophytes and 1 lichen taxon. Each factsheet includes information on the species (distribution, biology, ecology, conservation status, threats, etc.) and the description of field methodologies for the detection of the two main reporting parameters, i.e. population size and habitat quality. Practical information to plan field activities are also given. Protocols were designed to address the requirements of the European reporting system with the aim to standardize future monitoring activities, optimize efforts at national scale and overcome some current problems related to data heterogeneity and discrepancies from the EC standards. More than 60 botanists collaborated to identify the best practices and to design an operational field survey format through several stages of discussion and sharing. The protocols, developed by ISPRA and Scientific Societies and shared with the Italian institutions responsible for the Directive application, were published in a dedicated National handbook. The work provides a first uniform technical basis for future national monitoring plans.
conservation, EC-Habitats Directive, field methodologies, plant species monitoring, population size